CLIMATE CHANGE IN INDIA

It is a controversial question to learn whether the emerging war with Pakistan and China poses a greater threat to India or the changing climate. No one can answer what future they hold for India.

We might not be familiar with what future holds but we do understand that currently global warming is causing loss to Indian environment. The reality can be seen in melting glaciers, disintegrating polar ice, thawing permafrost, changing monsoon patterns, rising sea levels, changing ecosystems and fatal heat waves.

Scientists are not the only ones talking about these changes. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, every part of India is struggling with the impact of climate change.

But this is just the beginning. We need to act to avoid catastrophic climate change. While not all regional effects are known yet, here are some likely future effects if we allow current trends to continue.

Impact on Indian economy:

  • Late or Early monsoon affect the agriculture. And if agriculture affected whole Indian economy is affected. It is the major demand generating sector. So, Low production will lead to shortage of food, inflation in food, change in interest rates, low sells of items like TV, mobiles, car, bike and so on because of people need food now, not luxury. So, every sector will be affected, hence they will also lower their production. It may also start job cut.
  • Floods (because of manmade reasons, urbanization etc. affect the climate) can lead to destruction of roads, railways and many other infrastructures. Its renovation prices are in billions. So, direct impact on GDP and account from any natural hazard. And life loss is also there. It also leads to short term inflation because of shortage of food. Climate change can cause a decline of 9% of India’s GDP.
  • Heat Wave or extreme rain may lead to stopping the daily production in factories and holidays in companies. Direct impact on production.
  • Due to climate change, many tourism places are also affected.
  • More usage of fertilizer and all that because of decreasing fertility of soil.

Never before has humanity been forced to grapple with such an immense environmental crisis. If we do not take urgent and immediate action to stop global warming, the damage could become irreversible.

 

INTERNET ENTREPRENEURS

The internet is one tool that has revolutionized the way we do everything in this world. The speed and connectivity offered by the internet has made the world smaller, and has brought people closer together. In fact, the internet has made us realize the fact that we now live in a global community and that everything we do affects the world around us.

Today as buyers we all aim for easy shopping. And with growing internet trend it’s not difficult either. With our smart phones we can shop while traveling or at midnight. So as a consumer internet has been a blessing.

But what about Entrepreneurs? Is internet a blessing in disguise or some masked devil?

Online tools revolutionized social interaction and have set the tone for the way businesses interact with consumers. To stay competitive, traditional companies have sprinted online, rushing to assemble virtual communities and tune in to their dialogue. Wiki-innovation seems to be the wave of the future, but what does the online movement really mean for the future landscape of business? One possible trend is the rise in entrepreneurship rates, despite a stubbornly sad economy. Another may be a shift in the old power profile, as young minds take a new and leading role in the economy.

The internet helps entrepreneur’s unique ways. With the internet, you can have all the information you need at your fingertips. This means that you practically have the whole world at the palm of your hand. Because of this, entrepreneurs have access to every piece of information that can affect their business ventures. We all know how vigilant one must be of things that one cannot control. The market is a very erratic factor in business, with people changing their preferences all the time. Through the internet, entrepreneurs can be prepared for any possible event.

The internet helps entrepreneurs by making opportunities easier to access. This means that entrepreneurs can keep a constant lookout for any chances of expanding their businesses. The earlier you learn of an opportunity, the better your chance of getting it. So, in general, the internet helps entrepreneurs’ home businesses by giving them an edge. The internet speed things up and allows you to save time on making business-related decisions.

With this trend Entrepreneurs have a wider scope to diversify and explore. Increased market range leads to more potential customers and more profit for Entrepreneurs.

 

CLIMATE CHANGE TO HINDER AFRICA’S GROWTH?

 

Africa has been dealing with the impacts of climate change since the 1970s. The most recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) described the African continent as the one that will be most affected.

The economic landscape of most Africa countries depends essentially on the dynamics of climate change. Key sectors driving their economic performance and livelihoods such as agriculture, forestry, energy, tourism, coastal and water resources are highly vulnerable to climate change. The geographical location of most African countries on the lower latitudes has already put the region at a disadvantage where about 80 percent of damages from climate change are concentrated.

Over the past five decades (1960-2009), many countries in Africa (e.g. Sudan, Chad, Uganda, Botswana and Tunisia) have experienced substantial rise in temperature – ranging from 1o to over 3o Celsius. The increasing knowledge that the continent contributes least to carbon finger print but experiences the most severe impact of climate change provides incentives for Africa to understand the costs of climate change to its economy and development prospects with a view to informing policy decisions. This is not only as a result of losses to the economy that might be linked to reduced agricultural productivity and labor losses but also from increases in morbidity, mortality and social instabilities. These indirect impacts such as death and disabilities associated with climate change have irreversible economic and welfare consequences. When countries spend some resources to adapt to climate change, they incur opportunity costs of not spending it on research and development and capital investment (e.g. infrastructure) that is a binding constraint to growth and development.

IMPACT ON AFRICA:

  • Between 75-250 million people exposed to water stress in the next 10 years, and as many as 1.8 billion by the end of this century.
  • Agriculture fed by rain could drop 50% in some African countries by 2020. The IPCC report predicts that wheat may disappear from Africa by 2080, and that maize—a staple—will fall significantly in southern Africa.
  • Arid and semi-arid lands are likely to increase by up to 8%, with severe ramifications for livelihoods, poverty eradication and meeting and maintaining the Millennium Development Goals.

In future, whether the issue is climate change or development at large, the challenge is the same—human capacity is critical. One perquisite for this is good, solid internet connectivity. And for the depth and breadth of challenges that Africa faces with climate change, the country desperately needs frontier/leap-frog science and entrepreneurship.

CONFIDENCE IS AN OUTFIT.

 

Confidence is the only outfit one cannot buy.

Many individual think self-confidence is all about ignorance and arrogance. However confidence focuses on having a sense of purpose, positive outlook and faith in yourself.

Without confidence becoming an Entrepreneur is nearly impossible. If you want to become an entrepreneur, or you are an entrepreneur that wants to improve your ability to be successful, you need to begin focusing on building confidence in yourself.

Confidence is a key part of success in business. There is the difference between having faith in yourself and feeling scared out of your wits. It is about having trust in what you know and your abilities to handle the unexpected events that life puts in your path. It is also a belief you are the one in control of your life and your goals. It is that unexplainable and untouchable attribute that allows you get in touch with that inner self that allows you to express yourself fully.

“Confidence comes not from always being right but from not fearing to be wrong.”  Peter T. Mcintyre, Philosopher

Entrepreneurs who have no basis for their confidence are doom to failure. Unbridled confidence is often a sign of someone who is lacking the whole package. Self-aware entrepreneurs base their confidence on their experiences, including their various mini venture.

Similar to a musician, entrepreneurial skills are honed and refined over time by putting them into practice. Legitimate entrepreneurial confidence is derived from one’s ability to execute, just as a musician gain self-assurance by practicing their instrument.

 

ARE POLAR BEARS NEXT IN LINE OF EXTINCTION?

Polar bears evolved from brown bears over 38 million years ago. Today there are around 19 known species of them around world.

We all know polar bears live only in Arctic region where they use sea ice as a platform to walk and hunt. Now imagine that platform dissolving in sea water. How are they going to survive?

Simple, they’ll adapt to land just like their brown cousins. Right?

Wrong.

The first problem is time. They took over 10,000 years to evolve from brown bears to big, white ice dwelling creatures we know today. Even if they do somehow “Re-adapt”, the pace would be too slow compared to the warming climate trend.

This brings us to second problem. Polar bears are highly specialized, both physically and physiologically, for a world of sea, ice, and meat: shorter, stockier claws to better grip prey and ice; smaller, more jagged molars and larger, sharper canines, better serving an almost exclusively carnivorous diet; all-white coats to provide camouflage while stalking prey; larger, thicker bodies to increase the ratio of surface area to body mass, helping the bears conserve energy and body heat; and a more elongated body, skull and nose to enhance streamlining and better enable the bears to thrust their heads through snow and ice into seal denning lairs and breathing holes.

These changing adaptations are affecting their reproduction system.

A female polar bear can give birth only once in every three years. And if the female bears are stressed regarding living environment or lack of food, they do not engage in reproducing at all. And at the top of that, 60% of the cubs do not survive more than a year due to changing climate. In 2001-2010, their population has decreased 40% from 1500 to 900. Today there are less than 25000 polar bears in the world.

Ultimately, whether polar bears can adapt to land may be irrelevant.  Polar bears are defined by the sea ice ecosystem they inhabit.  Without it, polar bears will cease being polar bears.  Even if they could somehow manage to persist on land, they would quickly encounter and hybridize with their brown neighbors (as they have already begun to do), and the iconic, white sea bear we recognize so readily today would disappear.  For all practical purposes, the species would be lost.

Fortunately, NRDC and others are working hard to prevent that from happening, by combating climate change, protecting polar bear habitat, and working with the international community to ban the global trade in polar bear parts.  Through these efforts, we hope to curb rising temperatures, decelerate the loss of sea ice, and buy these emblematic bears as much time as we can.

Will polar bears adapt to land? Or they will just disappear in next 100 years?  Let’s do everything we can to make sure we never have to find out.